directions: there are three reading passages in this part. each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. for each of them there are four suggested answers marked a, b c and d. choose the best answer to each question.
questions 53 to 57 are based on the following passage: (10 分)
friends play an important part in our lives, and although we may take the friendship for granted, we often do not clearly understand how we make friends. while we get on well with a number of people, we are usually friends with only a very few. for example, the average among students is about 6 per person. in all the cases of friendly relationships, two people like one another and enjoy being together, but beyond that, the degree of intimacy between them and the reasons for their shared interest vary enormously. as we get to know people we take into account things like age, race, economic condition, social position, and intelligence. although these factors are not of prime importance, it is more difficult to get on with people when there is a marked difference in age and background.
some friendly relationships can be kept on argument and discussion, but it is usual for close friends to have similar ideas and beliefs, to have attitudes and interests in common—they often talk about ‘being on the same wavelength’. it generally takes time to reach this point. and the more intimately involved people become, the more they rely on one another. people want to do friends favors and hate to break a promise. equally, friends have to learn to put up with annoying habits and to tolerate differences of opinion.
in contrast with marriage, there are no friendship ceremonies to strengthen the association between two people. but the supporting and understanding of each other that results from shared experiences and emotions does seem to create a powerful bond, which can overcome differences in background, and break down barriers of age, class or race.
53.   according to the author________.
a. all those who get on well with each other are friends
b. friends are closer than people who just get on well with each other
c. everyone understands clearly how to make friends
d. every student has 6 friends
54.   when we make friends, we consider such things as age, race, and background, because________.
a. it is not easy to have a friendly relationship with people when there is a marked difference in age and background
b. the degree of friendship between two people and the reasons for their shared interest can vary greatly
c. friends need to know all these things
d. these are the most important factors to make friends
55.   in paragraph 2, ‘being on the same wavelength’ means_________.
a. using the same frequency while talking
b. keeping the same friendly relationship as other people do
c. having similar ideas, beliefs, attitudes and interests
d. having the same background
56.   which of the following is not implied in the passage?
a. even friends may have differences of opinion.
b. friends never argue with each other.
c. it generally takes time for people to become close friends.
d. someone's habits may annoy his friends.
57.   to strengthen friendly relationship, people_________.
a. must hold friendship ceremonies
b. have to eliminate differences in background
c. should make friends with those who are of the same age and of the same race
d. should support and understand each other through shared experiences and emotions
questions 58 to 62 are based on the following passage: (10 分)
mozart was born in what is now called austria, but, at that time, it was part of the holy roman empire. he was baptized the day after his birth at st. rupert's cathedral. his father leopold was from augsburg. he was a minor composer, and an experienced teacher. in the year of mozart's birth, his father published a violin textbook, which achieved a great success.
in the fourth year of his age his father, for a game as it were, began to teach him a few minuets and pieces at the clavier. he could play it faultlessly and with the greatest delicacy, and keeping exactly in time. at the age of five, he was already composing little pieces, which he played to his father who wrote them down. while leopold was a devoted teacher to his children, there is evidence that mozart was keen to progress beyond what he was taught. his first ink-spattered composition and his efforts with the violin were of his own initiative and came as a surprise to leopold. leopold eventually gave up composing when his son's outstanding musical talents became evident. he was mozart's only teacher in his earliest years and taught his children languages and academic subjects as well as music.
during mozart's youth, his family made several european journeys in which he played at the court in munich, and at the imperial court in vienna. a long concert tour spanning three and a half years followed, taking the family to the courts of munich, paris, and london, during this trip, mozart met a great number of musicians and acquainted himself with the works of other composers. these trips were often arduous. travel conditions were primitive; the family had to wait for invitations and reimbursement from the nobility. they endured long, near-fatal illnesses far from home.
after one year father and son set off for italy, leaving his mother and his sister at home. this travel lasted from december 1769 to march 1771. as with earlier journeys, leopold wanted to display his son's abilities as a performer and a rapidly maturing composer. after finally returning with his father from italy on 13 march 1773, mozart was employed as a court musician by the ruler of salzburg, prince-archbishop hieronymus colloredo. the composer had a great number of friends and admirers in salzburg. despite these artistic successes, mozart grew increasingly discontented with salzburg and redoubled his efforts to find a position elsewhere. one reason was his low salary. in august 1777,mozart resigned his salzburg position and, on 23 september, ventured out once more in search of employment, with visits to augsburg, mannheim, paris, and munich. since archbishop colloredo would not give leopold leave to travel, mozart's mother anna maria accompanied him. mozart became acquainted with members of the famous orchestra in mannheim, the best in europe at the time. he also fell in love with aloysia weber, one of four daughters in a musical family. there were prospects of employment in mannheim, but they came to nothing’ and mozart left for paris on 14 march 1778 to continue his search. one of his letters from paris hints at a possible post as an organist at versailles, but mozart was not interested in such an appointment.
mozart's new career in vienna began well. he performed often as a pianist, notably in a competition before the emperor on 24 december 1781,and he soon "had established himself as the finest keyboard player in vienna".
58. according to the author, mozart began to show his talent in music composition_______.
a. when he was at the age of five
b. when he was at the age of four
c. when he was bom
d. when his father taught him music
59. mozart's father was a devoted teacher to his children, because_________.
a. he taught his children only music lessons
b. he taught nobody else except his children
c   he taught his children very well
d. he taught his children languages and academic subjects as well as music
60.   when mozart was young he made several european journeys with his families in which he played at the court_________.
a. in munich, vienna, paris and london
b. in munich, vienna, paris and italy
c. in london, vienna, paris and italy
d. in munich, vienna, italy and london
61.   mozart grew discontented with salzburg and tried to find another position because
a. he was not interested in the position of the court musician
b. he was not satisfied with his low salary
c. he was not getting along well with the ruler of salzburg
d. he fell in love with aloysia weberhe in mannheim
62.   in the last paragraph, the last line, the phrase "the finest keyboard player" means_.
a. the best violinist
b. the best pianist
c. the best composer
d. the best organist
questions 63 to 67 are based on the following passage: (10 分)
the mona lisa painting now hangs in the musee du louvre in paris. the painting's increasing fame was further emphasized when it was stolen on 21 august 1911. the next day, louis beroud, a painter, walked into the louvre and went to the salon carre where the mona lisa had been on display for five years. however, where the mona lisa should have stood, he found four iron pegs. beroud contacted the section head of the guards, who thought the painting was being photographed for marketing purposes. a few hours later, beroud checked back with the section head of the museum, and it was confirmed that the mona lisa was not with the photographers. the louvre was closed for an entire week to aid in investigation of the theft.
french poet guillaume apollinaire, who had once called for the louvre to be "burnt down," came under suspicion; he was arrested and put in jail. apollinaire tried to implicate his friend pablo picasso, who was also brought in for questioning, but both were later exonerated. at the time, the painting was believed to be lost forever, and it was two years before the real thief was discovered. louvre employee vincenzo
peruggia had stolen it by entering the building during regular hours, hiding in a broom closet and walking out with it hidden under his coat after the museum had closed. peruggia was an italian patriot who believed leonardo's painting should be returned to italy for display in an italian museum. peruggia may have also been motivated by a friend who sold copies of the painting, which would skyrocket in value after the theft of the original. after having kept the painting in his apartment for two years, peruggia grew impatient and was finally caught when he attempted to sell it to the directors of the uffizi gallery in florence; it was exhibited all over italy and returned to the louvre in 1913. peruggia was hailed for his patriotism in italy and only served six months in jail for the crime.
during world war n, the painting was again removed from the louvre and taken safely, first to chateau d'amboise, then to the loc-dieu abbey and chateau de chambord, then finally to the ingres museum in montauban. in 1956,the lower part of the painting was severely damaged when a vandal doused the painting with acid. on 30 december of that same year, a young bolivian named ugo ungaza villegas damaged the painting by throwing a rock at it. this resulted in the loss of a speck of pigment near the left elbow, which was later painted over. the use of bulletproof glass has shielded the mona lisa from more recent, attacks. in april 1974’ a handicapped woman, upset by the museum's policy for the disabled, sprayed red paint at the painting while it was on display at the tokyo national museum. on 2 august 2009’ a russian woman, distraught over being denied french citizenship, threw a terra cotta mug or teacup, purchased at the museum, at the painting in the louvre; the vessel shattered against the glass enclosure. in both cases, the painting was undamaged.
63. according to the author, on 21 august 1911 the mona lisa painting was stolen by_______.
a. the section head of the guard
b. french poet guillaume apollinaire
c. pablo picasso
d. a louvre employee called vincenzo peruggia
64. the thief was caught two years later_________.
a. when he tried to sell it to the directors of the uffizi gallery in florence
b. when he returned to italy with it hidden under his coat
c. when it was exhibited all over italy
d. when he told it to his friend
65.   in paragraph 2,the last line, the word "patriotism" means_________.
a. the love for his own family
b. the love for his own country
c. the love for other countries
d. the love for the people all over the world
66.   which of the following is not implied in the passage?
a. the louvre was closed for a whole week because of the theft.
b. the thief was put into prison for only six months,
c. the mona lisa painting was removed from place to place for display.
d. the mona lisa painting was attacked many times, so now it has been completely damaged.
67.   the woman attacked the painting because_________.
a. she was a handicapped woman
b. she was a disabled woman
c. she was made angry by the museum's policy for the disabled
d. she was not permitted to go into the museum
















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